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Belgian passports are passports issued by the Belgian state to its citizens to facilitate international travel. The Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs, formerly known as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is responsible for issuing and renewing Belgian passports. Every Belgian citizen is also a citizen of the European Union. The nationality allows for free rights of movement and residence in any of the states of the European Union as well as other European Economic Area states and Switzerland upon possession of a passport, or a national identity card .
According to the 2014 Visa Restrictions Index, Belgian citizens can visit 172 countries without a visa or with a visa granted on arrival. Belgian citizens can live and work in any country within the EU as a result of the right of free movement and residence granted inArticle 21 of the EU Treaty.